Table of Contents

Chapter 1 It’s all about how you look at it

  • 2          Escaping the Matrix
    3          ‘—isms’
    4          The eyes see only what the mind is prepared to comprehend
    5          Life-jackets or surfboards?
    7          Declaration of war
    9          Apologetics
    11        The purpose(s) and target audiences of this book
    14        Why is this important?
    16        Fair warning
    17        Mea culpa
    19        Conclusion

Chapter 2 A precedent-setting case: the origin of the cosmos

  • 21        Ancient cosmology
    24        Sumerian/Babylonian cosmology
    25        Hebrew cosmology: “a plain reading of scripture”
    29        Ancient Greek cosmology
    31        The clash between the church and science over cosmology
    35        Looking back on it all: lessons to be taken
    38        Standing on the shoulders of giants

Chapter 3 Other duels between the church and science

  • 41        Ribs and penises?
    42        I’ve got a gut feeling
    42        Babies come from where?
    45        Evolution
    45        Radioisotope dating
    57        Noah’s Flood
    60        Epic of Gilgamesh
    63        Meteorology
    64        People outside of the line of Adam
    68        Atheists do it too?
    70        Conclusion

Chapter 4 A basic understanding of the science

  • 73        Evolution: what it is not
    79        It’s a family affair
    80        The scientific method versus a theological approach
    83        Basic anthropology
    86        The study of bones can be deceiving
    86        DNA and genetics
    89        Early tools of genetics: chromosomal staining and banding
    90        Genetic flags which mark out the path of evolution
    90        Mitochondrial DNA
    95        Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms
    95        Pseudogenes
    96        Redundant or unnecessary genes
    98        Proviral sequences
    99        Non-coding sequences and “junk DNA”
    100      Modern gene-cloning and gene-sequencing techniques
    101      The investigative power of DNA
    102      Conclusion

Chapter 5 Origin of humanity: The paleontological evidence

  • 105      Setting the stage
    105      Neanderthal Man
    108      Homo erectus
    109      Australopithecus
    110      Leakey’s Lucy
    113      Ardipithecus
    114      Homo floresiensis (“The hobbit”)
    115      Denisovans
    116      Homo naledi
    119      Ancient Homo
    120      Laetoli footprints
    121      “But isn’t this all based on a hoax?”
    123      Turning the pages of the family photo album
    124      “But what about all the missing links?”
    126      Conclusion

Chapter 6 Origin of humanity: the genetic evidence

  • 127      Mitochondrial Eve and Y-chromosome Adam
    130      Humans are undoubtedly related to the chimps and apes
    131      Genetic plagiarism: common descent or common design?
    133      Shuffling the cards
    137      Human chromosome 2 inversion
    139      Overall sequence similarity
    141      Alleles
    142      Proviral sequences
    144      Pseudogenes
    145      The quantum leap: paleontology and genetics synergize
    146      Why are humans so special among our genetic cousins?
    148      The family photo album, part II
    149      Conclusion

Chapter 7 Christian objections to the evolutionary model

  • 150      ‘A plain reading of scripture’ versus science
    151      Objections to this evolutionary model of human origins
    153      Objection #1: It contradicts scripture
    154      Objection #2: It goes against church tradition
    156      Objection #3: God would not work that way
    161      Objection #4: Humans no longer unique among created things
    168      Objection #5: Created in the very image of God
    169      Objection #6: God declared it all ‘very good’
    170      Objection #7: Jesus and apostles believed otherwise
    175      Objection #8: Evolution is only a theory
    176      Objection #9: Moral implications
    177      Objection #10: Why such a slow process?
    179      Objection #11: “each according to their kind”
    182      Objection #12: Changes caused by the Fall and the Flood
    183      Objection #13: Too many ‘missing links’”
    185      Objection #14: micro-evolution verus macro-evolution”
    186      Objection #15: Detracts from the urgency of evangelisation
    186      Conclusion

Chapter 8 Adjustments to theology

  • 190      Adam, Eve and the other hominids
    197      If Adam and Eve aren’t historical, what about Jesus?
    202      Adam as the forefather of all humanity or just of the Semitic races?
    204      Imago Dei
    205      What the imago Dei is not
    206      The ancient Hebrew understanding of imago Dei
    207      Imago Dei during the Apocryphal, Apostolic and Patristic periods
    209      Imago Dei during the present era
    211      Implications of the Imago Dei
    215      What does it mean to be human?
    219      Special Creation?
    220      Morality and the way we think
    225      The Fall and Original Sin
    231      Atonement
    234      Why is this a genetic thing?
    235      World Religions
    240      Inspiration and authority of scripture
    243      Re-framing our view about the Bible
    250      Why then are scriptures given to us in their present form?
    253      Adjustments to Christian perspectives of biology
    255      Conclusion

Chapter 9 Response from the church

  • 256      Apostasy? Defeat?
    257      Avoidance and fear
    258      Deny the existence of the data
    259      Attribute authorship of data differently
    260      Distort the laws of physics
    261      Repeat a lie till it becomes received truth
    262      Changing the definitions
    264      Employ rhetorical distortions
    264      Condemnation and discrediting
    265      Forcing a round peg to fit into a square hole
    269      Intelligent Design
    271      Cautious acceptance
    272      A few words from St. Augustine
    273      Conclusion

Chapter 10 Response from atheists

  • 275      The faith/belief systems of atheists
    280      How can you be so sure?
    282      Agree to disagree
    283      Conclusion

Chapter 11 Standing on the shoulders of giants

  • 286      Where are we at right now?
    289      Looking forward: communication
    290      Looking forward: education
    292      Looking forward: unity
    293      Final words

About the Author

Bibliography

Index

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